Friday, September 23, 2011

The history of Borobudur Temple

The history of Borobudur temple is located in the village of Borobudur, Magelang regency, Central Java. This temple is the second largest Buddhist temple after Ankor Wat temple in Cambodia and included in one of the seven wonders of the world.
There are several versions of the origin of the name of this temple. 
The first version says that the name comes from the Sanskrit Borobudur is "bara" which means "temple or monastery complex" and "beduhur" meaning "high / above". 

The second version says that the name of the history of Borobudur Temple is likely to come from the word "sambharabudhara" which means "mountain slope terraces".

The third version is interpreted by prof. Dr. Borobudur Poerbotjoroko explains that the word comes from the word "bhoro" which means "monastery" or "dorm" and "budur" which means "above". 

Poerbotjoroko opinion is corroborated by prof. Dr. W.F. Stutterheim who argue that Bodorbudur means "monastery on a hill". Meanwhile, another version put forward by prof. J.G. de Casparis based prasati Middle Reef, says that Borobudur derived from the word "bhumisambharabudhara" which means "place of worship for ancestors.